Government bodies perform a range of functions for public purposes, such as developing or upgrading infrastructure. At times, they need to acquire privately owned land to perform these functions.
Such bodies may acquire the whole of a property, part of a property, or an interest in a property, such as a lease for a construction site or a right to run power, sewer or water lines. The body acquiring the land is commonly called the "acquiring authority".
In general, when an acquiring authority acquires privately owned land, it will need to comply with the Land Acquisition (Just Terms Compensation) Act 1991. This Act sets out the steps that must be undertaken by acquiring authorities to acquire land and the matters to be considered in determining the amount of compensation to be paid to a land owner.
This guide provides information about the land acquisition process, including general guidance about the rights and responsibilities of acquiring authorities and land owners, and the role of the Valuer General. The guide is not intended to provide legal advice, and land owners may wish to obtain their own legal advice.
Some acquiring authorities, such as Roads and Maritime Services, may have their own detailed guides for land acquisitions. This information guide does not replace those specific guides or other more detailed information provided to land owners by acquiring authorities.
Land owners are welcome to approach acquiring authorities to obtain further assistance and information on the land acquisition process.
More detailed information on the role of the Valuer General in the land acquisition process may be obtained by going to: Valuer General's website.
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